Supplementary Resources

PinPoint Summaries

PinPoint summaries are one-sided, easy-to-grasp overviews of the theories behind the strategies.

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PinPoint Summaries

Behaviour: Establishing Routines

Gain more teaching time and develop cooperative students by rapidly establishing routines for all classroom activities.

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PinPoint Summaries

Coaching with Unseen Observations

Unseen observations are a no-cost, low-time approach to professional development that promote deep learning through conversation with insights. Definitely work a try.

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PinPoint Summaries

Cognitive Load

Short-term memory is our weakest cognitive link. It is easy to overload it and, so, avoiding this is a primary goal of teaching. Learn what to avoid and what to do.

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PinPoint Summaries

Common Inspection Framework 2015 Leadership & Management

A short analysis of the accountabilities of leadership and management to sustain the drive to support and improve teaching. The framework of the analysis if one where the traditional organisation chart is flipped.

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PinPoint Summaries

Cooperative Learning

Cooperative Learning has an effect size of well over one grade's improved learning. It also has powerful social benefits. But to be this effective, certain guidelines need to be followed.

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PinPoint Summaries

DARTS

Lunzer and Gardener's Directed Activities Related to Texts (DARTS) was a 1980s programme to break down the skills of reading for understanding. Much of it was achieved through the use of Graphic Organisers. It was revived through its promotion in the National Literacy Strategy in secondary schools.

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PinPoint Summaries

Disadvantaged Students

Students from disadvantaged backgrounds with limiting language skills can narrow the gap with their more advantaged peers. Teachers need to use visual strategies to make explicit and public the internal mental processes that are present in more able students.

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PinPoint Summaries

Expert Knowledge

Capturing knowledge on expert teaching is problematic. Some say it's impossible while others are content with lists of competencies. What do we know about the nature of expert knowledge and how can it be shared?

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PinPoint Summaries

Feedback for Learning

If teaching and feedback are opposite ends of a spectrum, feedback for learning (also known as assessment for learning and formative assessment) is a mix of both, somewhere in the middle of the continuum. Discover the essentials of John Hattie's research on this central topic.

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PinPoint Summaries

Graphic Organisers

Graphic Organisers, says David Costa, reveal a person's thinking processes. Perfect, therefore, for teachers modelling their thinking and for teachers to identify misconceptions in their students' thinking. Discover the main types of Graphic Organisers and a simple process for using them.

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PinPoint Summaries

Habits of Mind

Discover Art Costa's celebrated Habits of Mind model: 16 dispositions that are attributes and determinants of intelligent behaviour. Read about what learning looks like when they're present and when they're not.

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PinPoint Summaries

Improving Education

The 2007 McKinsey report on global education highlighted the central place of teachers in raising standards. And that training teachers is therefore the most important challenge ahead for all education systems. But then found that traditional CPD activities didn't have the precision needed for teachers to be able to transfer successfully their learning of new methods back into their classrooms. This PinPoint shows how the addition of HOW2s optimises all CPD activities by providing the missing precision of how superior teaching techniques operate.

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PinPoint Summaries

Influence

Teachers constantly aim to influence their students for the better. Social psychologist Robert Cialdini has spent a lifetime studying how humans influence one another. Discover the 6 essential skills.

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PinPoint Summaries

Instructional Design

Find out how the research on e-learning is very pertinent to classroom teaching. Discover the principles of effective communication and explanation — the cornerstone of effective teaching.

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PinPoint Summaries

Instrumental Enrichment

The original learn-to-learn programme devised with research that shows students' IQ scores rose as a result of participation. This 14 sector programme works at primary perceptual and thinking processes, with the emphasis on bridging on to successful transfer of learning. Metacognition is at its centre.

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PinPoint Summaries

Lexical Mapping

The origin of Lexical Mapping is in the teaching of a second language, with the emphasis on vocabulary (lexical) and its meanings. The Mapping refers to the connections made between the vocabulary in the search for personal meaning. Syntax, or grammar, follows naturally as students communicate their meanings to one another.

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PinPoint Summaries

Manipulatives

Manipulatives are card-sorting activities that make visible learners' conceptions and misconceptions. Organised into 6 types, Manipulatives are a prime example of how expert teachers make their students' learning visible in order to assess and adapt their teaching.

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PinPoint Summaries

Making Manipulatives

A simple step-by-step way of converting a Graphic Organiser into cut-up Manipulatives, using it as a scaffold activity and, finally, checking for understanding.

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PinPoint Summaries

Napkin Sketching

We all understand explanations that are realistic rather than conceptual. Napkin Sketching converts ideas, concepts and processes into a human storyboard. Sketching here is drawing as communication, not as art. Enthusiastically adopted by managers for its clarity and concision.

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PinPoint Summaries

Nonviolent Communication

Marshall Rosenberg's model for effective communication relationship-building has been adopted in hospitals, businesses, therapy and even in conflict-resolution in such places as Palestine and Rwanda. Remarkably simple and adaptable, this language system is worthy of close scrutiny.

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PinPoint Summaries

Professional Learning

A summary of the main findings about what works best for teacher learning from the leading researcher, Helen Timperley. Discover what to add to your practice, what to extend and what to now omit. The findings challenge some cherished and established notions of best practice.

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PinPoint Summaries

Schemas and Memory

Understanding and memory are the same thing says cognitive scientist, Daniel Willingham. Discover how to exploit this with better teacher explanation and students memory.

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PinPoint Summaries

Stretch & Challenge

The Stretch & Challenge focus risks being just another bureaucratic concept unless there's more than vague aspirations to it. Here's a summary of several tools and lists available to teachers to plan for and check how they're doing with this current concern.

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PinPoint Summaries

SOLO

John Biggs's SOLO model (Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome) is explained and visually depicted. It is a brilliant strategy to assess the depth of understanding and knowledge of your students. Easy to implement, it is also useable by students themselves for practical self-assessment and metacognition.

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PinPoint Summaries

Video

Video has been a powerful tool for teacher self-awareness and professional improvement. But research has highlighted some of its limitations, such as the cognitive overload of the viewer. This PinPoint explains the way in which HOW2s can rapidly change the perception of the viewer so much more is learned from the experience.